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What is Available?The Isle Kerguelen has access to many different forms of alternate energy sources. Due to its location on the "Roaring Forties", one of the windiest places on earth, the island can be fitted with wind turbines as a source of energy. It is also a volcanic island so the heat from volcanoes can be harnessed to create electricity for the island. Though those are the only feasible sources of alternative energy because there are no rivers for dams, and it rains often on the island so the clouds would block out the sun rendering the use of solar panels inert.How do these address our needs?Since it is generally always cold on the Isle Kerguelen the geothermal heating can be employed. The highest temperatures on the island are around fifty degrees, so during these instances the heat can be turned of entirely. Since all of the sources of power on the island produce electricity all cars on the island would be electric so as not to have to depend on foreign suppliers of oil. Also These sources of electricity would be able to supply enough energy to houses and businesses because there would only be a small amount of people living on the island due to its size.What is our best option?Our best option is to use use wind power initially because it is the cheapest out of all of the renewable sources we can use. Also the constant winds will supply us with an ample and contiguous supply of electricity. In additional to this there are many high and rugged terrain where buildings cannot be created but wind turbines can b placed. The higher altitude will also help the turbines create more electricity. Also since the island is located on an underwater plateau I could exploit the lower sea level to construct large wind turbines in the sea to increase the power output. Then over time we will create geothermal plants due to the high cost of building them. The use of geothermal electricity is highly efficient as it continuously supplies energy. In fact, it supplies nearly a quarter of Iceland's electricity.Since we are also an island we can create steam by using the ocean around us as a water supply. The use of fossil fuels is completely out the window because there are no reserves of coal or oil on the island and due to our small economy reliance on other countries would only destabilize our economy.How will we Build or Manufacture things?Unfortunately there are no resources which can be used to build or manufacture goods on the island. So we would have to be reliant on other countries to build buildings initially. Also to manufacture things we will have to look to other countries to supply us with goods. But in the various factories, which would be few in number, everything would have to be powered electrically.Laws we would have.
Since our island is very similar to Iceland I would model our laws (economic, infrastructural, environmental, etc.) after theirs.


What happened?
On March 28, 1979 in Dauphin County, Pennsylvania a Nuclear Reactor released radioactive coolant water into the Susquehanna river due to human error, inadequate training, and mechanical failure. A valve in the cooling system was stuck and allowed large amounts of the radiated coolant water to escape. The operators were not trained well and did not recognize the problem. An operator understood a red failure light as the reactor to have too much cooling water, and released even more water. This lead to the partial meltdown of reactor number 2. Also some nuclear gas was released but based on studies done by the EPA and The World Nuclear Association no injuries or sicknesses were reported.
Why is it important?This is important because it was the greatest nuclear power plant disaster in the history of the country. It caused the release of thousands of gallons of irradiated water and could have potentially condemned a large section of land along the Susquehanna had it not been stopped when it did. It also could have potentially destroyed many ecosystems and lead to the deaths of many humans as well as animals. But this disaster lead to many benefits as well. many reforms in the nuclear power plant industry had been made as a result. Reforms such as better training and improved management interfaces allowing better disaster prevention for this deadly method of generating energy.How does this affect me?Although the nuclear power plant does not contain enough fissionable material to create a nuclear explosion the real danger is in the radiated steam that would have been carried away with the wind. Had the disaster not been averted the affects would have catastrophic to the state of Pennsylvania. The irradiated steam would have made the entire Harrisburg, Reading, and most of Lancaster area unsafe to live in, making a good portion of Pennsylvania much like Chernobyl. I find this topic interesting because this disaster took place so close to where we live and as a result of it caused many nuclear power plants to changer their ways, thus making nuclear power safer to use.

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What waste will there be?

Since there is only a limited amount of space that is able to be constructed on, there will only be a slight amount of industrial waste meaning that only a small amount of hazardous waste would be created. Agricultural waste will also be near nonexistent because all of the food resources that we would require would come from the sea. Not to mention the fact that few edible plants can grow on the island due to its continuous cold temperature, and rocky soil. Therefore the only major source of waste would be in the from of municipal waste.
How will I deal with waste?
The biggest problem that I will face on the island is that there is not a whole lot of room to dispose of waste. Landfills are completely off the table because they take up too much room and the decomposition rate is too slow to keep up with the demand. Incinerators take up space as well with the facility itself and the toxic ashes that it produces. These toxic ashes could cause a potential threat to the aquatic ecosystem around the island if not handled properly, and the ocean is far too valuable to be polluted. But the Isle Kerguelen has a unique property to it that many locations do not. The island is a volcanic island and is in fact one of the most volcanic sites in the world. Although the main volcano lies dormant, veins of magma, and volcanic protrusions can be found across the island. So i would use the various sites of magma and maybe even create more. This waste veins act as a super incinerator dissolving even the ashes it creates. In fact many islands use volcanoes to dispose of their waste, bot the Canary Islands and Iceland use their active volcanoes to dispose of waste. I would also use MRFs to sort out the recyclables that we may produce. Supplying energy to these MRFs would not be a problem because we could use geothermal energy from the many veins or we could use wind power to power the MRFs. Wind power would be very efficient because the Isle Kerguelen is constantly subjected to violent winds. Several laws would be em placed to prohibit littering in any form. Also residences would be supplied with recycling bins and be more educated as to which items can be recycled or not.

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What is it?
Recycling is the conversion of waste into usable material or to return recyclable material to a previous stage in a cyclic process. Contrary to common belief, recycling actually costs more money than it saves.

What impact does it have on the world?
Recycling puts to use waste which would normally be...wasted... But although the concept is a great idea and it seems as if it saves the world from running out of resources, recycling actually is somewhat bad for the economy. To begin of the thousands of tons of recyclable materials which is "thrown out" only 32% is actually recycled. When recyclable materials are sent to landfills and incinerators only 9 percent of the 32 is intercepted and then in turn recycled. In order to sort this out people are employed but due to the fact that few people want to pick through trash for a living, waste companies need to buy expensive equipment which still cannot sort through the thousands of tons of waste we produce. Also recycled materials that are melted down to be used again are no longer being bought by people who would normally use them. This is due in part by the bad economy which we find ourselves in. In fact it would be cheaper to put all of the waste in a landfill and then excavate the landfills later for the leftover recyclables.
Why does this interest me?
This topic interests me because it makes me look at recycling in a whole different light. Granted while recycling still yields some benefits based on my research it would be more economically friendly if we put everything into an landfill and then coming back to the recyclables later.

Sifting through TONS of trash

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On the Isle Kerguelen it rains 27 inches annually which is approximately 44,788 million gallons of water every year. On top of that the Isle Kerguelen has several large glaciers across the island. Water is in no short supply on the Isle Kerguelen. In addition to this we could possibly employ desalination plants across the island but we may not have enough money to make them. but because of the high wind speeds on the island we could possibly make enough energy with wind power to power the desalination plants. But we must be sure that we do not abuse or ruin our precious water supply. Polluted water could cause many problems to our people. Issues like mercury in the water, as mentioned by Andrew Feldstein, can have adverse affect to human health. Laws would be passed to regulate water filtration and management of water to prevent pollution into the water supply. Also taxes would be raised on water to make money off of the high use of water the population could use.

Clams are some of the most common mollusks in the world today. Clams have the remarkable ability to filter out and clean the water around them. This could potentially be a benefit for the world as a whole if they are used to filter out waste water and polluted water. in southern Spain, where much of the wetlands were destroyed due to pollution, clams where used to filter out much of the waste disposed there, and restore the wetlands back to a life sustaining state. Clams have also been used to dispose of organic waste in the past as well. In factory fish farms clams are put in the tanks to filter out fish waste from the tanks.

Clam filtering can yield many benefits if used to filter human waste and to fight pollution. Using clams can be a cheaper and more energy efficient alternative to using water treatment facilities. Clams could end the need of replacing parts within the water treatment plants because they produce thousands of offspring. In addition, potentially harmful chemicals would not have to be added because the clams would do all of the filtering, removing the need to facilitate bacterial growth, therefore removing the need to kill said bacteria. Also, Clams don't need electricity, so it saves money providing electricity to water treatment plants. But stricter regulations on what can be flushed would be required because clams, like all aquatic life, can be killed by harmful chemicals.Clams as filters are important because they have the ability to naturally cleanse water, reduce the need for chemicals in water treatment, and are a cheap way to provide fresh water. They can impact the world because since clean water is such a hard commodity to come by around the world, clams can be a cheap and efficient way to provide the world with clean water.

I am interested in this because I had no idea how useful such an ugly little animal, that is eaten in all sorts of ways could be so useful in improving the worlds water supply and restoring the environment. This topic connects to me because the Clam is one of the few organisms that can live in the waters of the Isle Kerguelen, and also provide an ample food source to the island.

See how efficient clams are! Clam Filtering Tank

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My Coordinates are 41 South 77 East which places me on a small island in the Southern Indian Ocean close to Antarctica. The climate on my island is considered Tundra and subpolar, with ranges between 32-50 degrees Fahrenheit throughout the year and receives a total of 27 inches of snow and rain per year, and precipitates 300 days of the year. Because of the island's location in the "Roaring Forties" it is common that winds reach 90-124 mph. Its climate is very similar to Iceland and Patagonia (Southern Argentina).



The cold climate and gravely soil on the island prevents most plant, save for mosses, lichens, and the indigenous Kerguelen Cabbage. So in order to grow crops I would genetically modify all of the crops on the island to be able to withstand the cold temperatures. Thanks to its isolated nature, no pest species(or insects for that matter) live on the island. There are only no insects on the island, and manly migratory birds, Penguins and seals. In addition to this all of the plants would have to be genetically modified so that they can grow, so contamination of other crops is not an issue. The islands are mainly rock and vegetation can only grow in certain areas of the island the main diet of the island would have to be fishes and possibly the feral reindeer and cats (if truly necessary) that live on the island. At first composting capabilities would be limited so I would first import more soils to improve farming on the mainland and then as farming operations grow and the island becomes more self sustaining in the act of composting I would then create a compost collecting area and thus further improve my island.


Ocean Farming is the growing of seaweed and shellfish in small
contained areas off the coast as an alternative to factory fish farming.


3.5 billion people, half of the Earth's population, rely on the oceans to obtain food .
In addition to this today's standard factory fish farming is on a decline, and the results
of these farms are displeasing to say the least. Fish from factory farms turn out to be
less flavorful than normal fish due to their unnatural environment. Ocean Farming has
been used for thousands of years but with all the technologies available to us and all
also of the benefits of Ocean Farming coming to realization,several ocean farmers, and
scientists are looking to revamp the Ocean Farming industry. Ocean Farming can
improve the environment as opposed to the current factory farms that destroy it. Seaweed
and Shellfish are considered miracle organisms because they filter water and lower carbon
dioxide levels. In fact Ocean Farming is so beneficial to the environment the Spanish government
is using ocean farming techniques in a wildlife preserve in southern Spain. The ocean farms were
used in a wetlands to restore the ecosystem to create a home for over 220 endangered bird
species. Also seaweed is far more nutritious than factory farm fishes. Seaweed is so nutritious
that scientists predict that if an area the size of Washington state was used in growing seaweed
it could supply the entire world with protein.
I am interested because I had no idea something like Ocean Farming even existed. Also, after
doing research on the topic I was amazed at how versatile ocean farming was. It also was
interested in the topic because it would help me in creating my self sustaining island.