resources and energy.png Energy Power Source in British Columbia- Entry #2

British Columbia would have a few options to choose from for its power source because of its topography. To begin, the wind turbines are a good option for British columbia becasue there would be enough winds to spin the turbine, especially near the water coastline where the winds are even greater. In additon, solar energy could also work since British Columbia is a fairly sunny place. Therefore, the solar pannels could effectively make use of the sun. Another suitable energy power could be tidal energy. As British Columbia is right on the coast line of the Pacific Ocean, it is in the perfect area to get their energy from the waves of the ocean. Also, mining for coal is a great choice because British Columbia is known for having an abundance of coal and is a big player in the North American coal market. These energy powers are the four best option for British Columbia.

The four options listed above, wind turbines, solar energy, tidal enerfy, and mining for coal, all address the issue of heat and electricity. Each of the energy powers are all commonly able to provide heat and electricity, but in their own ways. As for the fuel for British Columbia, mining for coal will provide all of the furl. British Columbia has a large amount of coal available. Not only will it provide for the people, but it will create jobs and we will be getting resources from our own soil. When it comes to providing the people living in British Columbia, heat, electricity, and fuel will be taken care of.

I believe the best option for British Columbia is to use tidal energy. Becasue we are so close to water, it is a no brainer decision. Tidal energy is a new, innovative choice and I beleive it will benefit British Columbia the most. To promote tidal energy I will first convince a team to help me out. Then, we will start building the turbine to be placed in the Pacific Ocean, this will include planning the exact location, how to convert the tides into energy, and all of the other specifics.

For building and manufacturing, we would definitely use the civilians as workers because everyone can contribute something with some help and guidance. I think we would all contribute to building homes, buildings, offices, etc. We would use wood, nails, and typical building materials. I would also advise the area to build some factories to manufacture specific items and goods. We could also employ our people to work in those jobs. Our society and way of working and making things will be very modern and beneficial to everyone.

In British Columbia, we will use the carrot approach. I want there to be cohesiveness and civil interactions, so using kidness and sympathy will greatly benefit our society. By offering people a reward, we are getting what we want done, but also while pleasing them by getting things they want done too. As for making big decisions that concern all of the people, we will be using voting to come to the beat conclusion, since the opinions of the people are as important as anything. Also, we will enforce laws of safety, keeping our area clean and long lasting, and anything that is best for British Columbia as a whole.

Tidal and Wave Power-Entry #1

What Is It?

Tidal and wave power allows us to produce power from the ocean waves and tides by placing a spinning generator to catch the energy of the rushing water. The extreme currents push the generator's turbines and twist around like a helix shape of DNA, as seen in the picture below. Not many countries have utalized tidal and wave power yet, but the U.S. has began using one and possibly more in the future.

Why Is It Important?

Managing Waste in British Columbia-Entry #2

In British Columbia, there are 200 survivors after a natural disaster. For Americans, people produce 4.4 pounds of trash on average and with 200 people left that adds up to 880 pounds of trash a day. Now that there is no waste system, landfills, or anything of that sort it is up to me to create a new waste system to put these 880 pounds of trash each day that will work effectively after the disaster. Because there is nothing being done with the waste now, aside from throwing it all in a giant pile, it is taking up a lot of space and polluting the areas of tiaga that includes the numerous amounts of trees in the forests. Also, the average rainfall lies between 12-33 inches evey year, so the trash is being washed away and spread all over the area, which is causing even more issues. My solution for the waste problems is a new set of rules regarding the waste.

I would begin to set up a system, similar to what the area used before because it worked so well prior to the diaster, and ensure the civilians would follow. I would begin by setting up an incineratot system, rather than a landfill, due to the amount of rain this area gets. Also, we would need more workers for the landfill and the people need to focus on getting the society back on track. Furthermore, there would be a town dump that is brought to the incinerator everyone so often to rid of and burn the waste. In addition, in the same general area there will be a place to recycle and compost. This will not only benefit the society, but it will help our society due to our lack of resources from the disaster. Everyone would be encouraged to reuse too.

I believe if everyone followed the instructions and stuck true to this waste system is could be very successful. Once our society is up and running again, it may even live up to the standards of the disposal that took place befre the natural disaster occured. This is the easiest,least time consuming, and enviromentally friendly for the most part and should be reflected in the results.

Zero Waste Schools-Entry #1

What Is It?

Zero waste schools are schools that decide to consume zero waste. This school, Muse School CA in Malibu, use a sorting unit that recycles the recyclables and reuse the old or broken materials that are able to be refurbished. As for ensuring that everything brought into the school is able to be recycled or reused, there are certain guidlines students, teachers, and visitors all have to abide by in order to enter the school. In the entrance way, there is a sign that states that the school disallows plastic bags, plastic bottles, plastic straws, noncomposatble takeaway containers, styrofoam, and single-use plastic utensils, plates and cups. In place of all of these items, the school provides everyone stainless-steel bottles and prepare an 100% organic lunch with locally grown foods made from scratch. Also, all of the school's food that falls in the category can be composted on school grounds. Overall, they ensure that nothing can be thrown into a trash can and then placed into a landfill.

Why Is It Important?

This is important because having a zero waste school, such as the Muse School, can greatly benefit the earth and reduce the amount of waste ending up in a landfull, which in the end ruins our planet. If many other schools, offices, or even homes make the cahnge to consume zero waste, it could make an even larger impact. Hopefully this school will inspire other facilities to do so. Because less waste will be consumed, more waste can be reused, recycled, or composted benefitting the school. Also, this will teach the children how to consume zero waste. Therefore, they will get in the habit of consuming zero waste, and at such a young age it could possibly stick with them in the future. Although zero waste schools are very benefitial, there are a few drawbacks. It is always difficult to ensure everyone is following the rules or are abiding by the directions in the correct way. There are frequently a few mistake, which can set them back. Also, the hardest part is building school in a way that consumes zero waste. The materials used for construction had to be salvaged from pre-existing structures, leaving little options for the workers. Although it was nearly impossible to follow, all of the rules were kept and the result was a magnificent zero waste school.

My Connection

At first, I couldn't believe having a zero waste school was possible when comparing it to all of the things we dipose of at Upper Dublin. I continued to think not everything is able to be recycled or reused, and some of it must have to be thrown away. In my thinking, I didn't take composting and special supplies the school use to avoid the landfills. I am now really intrigued of how easy it can actually be if everyone participates and follows the rules. Along with the right knowledge and supplies it can be done and maybe one day I can try it out for myself


Supplying Water for British Columbia- Entry #2british-columbia-map.gif

Luckily, British Columbia is surrounded by numerous sources of water, such as the boredering Pacific Ocean and the many lakes and rivers, like the Liard River and the Peace River, that run throughout the country. Overall, most of the water in the country and in the ocean is fairly clean, but treatment would be needed to bathe in and drink the water in order to insure that it's safe to use. Also, becasue most of the rainfall ends up on the western sign of Canada, which is where British Columbia is, this benefits the water supply greatly. In January, British Columbia's rainfall range is between 200 and 300 millimeters. As stated before, this area has enough water for all fo the people, agriculture, industry,etc. On the other hand to ensure there is never too much, if there was ever an abundance of water we could sell it to countries with a lack of water that could also afford to purchase it. One example is Bangladesh, as discussed in our UN Conference, they would be able to sell it to countries such as Great Britain rather than London towing icebers.

The only major issue that presents itself when it comes to the water in Britsh Columbia is treating and transporting the clean water throughout the area. Before doing any treatment, it is important to reduce the pollution in the water to get the best result and make the treating easier. First, we could try to stop runoff, a non-point source, by ensuring there is no pesticides or fertilizers use anywhere near the bodies of water. If that is not enough, we could use a wetland right near the water so the pollutants from the water get filtered out before they go into the water. This is also a natural and inexpensive way to filter pollutants. In addition, they could also prevent the issue previously discussed, ehich is having too much water. If there was flooding, the wetlands would control the flooding and solve the problem of the abundance ofwater. As for point sources, we should enforce a law to keep factoies, landfills, mines etc. a certain distance away from the water we use for ourselves. The law I would recommend to enforce is The Clean Water Act, this would go even further to ensure that our water is as safe as possible to use. This way the chemicals could not be dumped into the water and therefore pollute it.

I believe British Columbia should be using desalination plants to treat the water they have access to. Because British Columbia can afford bulding this treatment plant, there is no reson not to do this. I think it is the most practical way. As Greg mentions in his wiki,he thinks Tahiti should also use a desalination plant because they also have access to a lot of water around them. The only difference is Tahiti does not have as much money as British Columbia to build the treatment plant, although we do have the money so why not use it to our benefit. The desalination plant is a simple and long term way to provide clean water for the people of British Columbia to use. This is the best choice for my area given its circumstances and resources. Therefore, this area would not need to resort to using an aquifer or using life straws to clean the water individually for every person. It is just not necesary for Britsh Columbia. We are very privledged to have the access to the water and funding to treat it, so if we have it why not use it?

Bottled vs. Tap Water- Entry #1

What is it?

Scientifically, there is no difference between tap and bottled water. They are both just as healthy as the other and both 100% clean. Although many people claim bottled water tastes better, is cleaner, and is healthier compared to tap water, but this is all untrue. People have these ideas and believes and their minds but they are all only myths and rumors. The only real differnce between the two is that bottled water is clearly more expensive than tap water, which is virtually free.

Why is it important?

If people come to termswith and accept that tapwater is just as safe, clean, and healthy as bottled water they could benefit greatly. First, they could be saving thousands of dollars a year by not buying bottled water. Instead, everyone could be using their tap water that they are already getting for free but are ignoring. Also, if people stop buying plastic bottles over and over again it would greatly benefit the Earth. Less plastic would be used to make the water bottles people would be using rather than their tap water. If tap water is used in refilable cups, no harm would be done.

My connection

My intrest in this topic was brought upon by my own suspicions in tap water. Along with many people i was unsure of it's cleanliness compared to bottled water before all of my reseach. I am able to relate this topic to my own life because I drink water everyday and have the option of using bottled or tap water. After the conclusions I have made, I may try to drink tap water more often because as of now I lean twoards bottled water. Now that my suspicions have been cleared, I can help benefit my family and the Earth by drinking more tap water.


Farming in British Columbia- Entry #2
My coordinats are 52 degrees North and 121 degrees West, which is right in British Columbia, Canada. The climate in British Columbia is taiga, also known as the boreal forest and is made up of coniferous forests including pine, spruce, and larch trees. The average rainfall lies between 12-33 inches evey year. Also, the average temperatures range from 25 to 58 degrees farenhite anually. The soil in this climate lacks nutrients and is very thin due to the cold temperatures.Therefore, it is not a good place to be planting crops or rely on getting food from.

british columbia.jpg
The soil in this area is acidic and very hard to grow in due to the pine needles. Also, the lack of nutrients in the soil makes it nearly impossible to grow crops here.The mountain pine needle had recently been found in British Columbia. This pests has caused potential are hazards adn the government is currently directing fuel management activities to solve the problem. The crops being grown here are the common trees I mentioned earlier, mosses, and very few kinds of berries. There is a high water availabilty so there is no concern of a lack of water in British Columbia. There is a wide variety of wild animals native to British Columbia. My reccomendation would be to feed off the animals and the few berries that grow in the area as a main food source. ALthough they are lacking in many crops, they should take advantage of what they have an abundance of which is meet from the native animals here in British Columbia.

Urban Agriculture- Entry #1

What is Urban Agrciculture?

Urban Agriculture is simply growing plants or raising animals within or around cities.
Urban Agriculture in Philadelphia
You can look at the video at the bottom for another explanation of urvan agriculture.

Urban Agriculture's inpact on the world.

By 2038 the world's urban population is expected to double. Urban agriculture will allow each of the cities to grow their food locally, making it easier for the residents to get their food because once the populations increase, it will be more difficult to import enough food to different cities that will feed everyone. In additon, food usually travels between 1,500 to 2,500 miles from the farm to your plate. Therefore, the food also becomes less fresh every mile, which does not meet many people's standards. This has helped convince many people to support urban agriculture. Urban agriculture would inpact the world positively in many great ways.


Urban agriculture is also a great solution for helping the enviroment and decreasing the cost of fuel because the food would not need to be transported long distances if it is kept in the same city. Not only is urban agriculture helping the people in each specific city, but also the enviroment. In addition, they reduce carbon dioxide impact, heating costs, and air conditioning costs.


Although urban agriculture may seem perfect, there are a few problems that keep it from taking over all cities. Pollution comes along with most cities and because the farming would be done where the pollution is high, the soil would be more likely to be conaminated. Also, there is a risk of toxic chemicals getting anywhere near the plants. In additon, there is a concern that the produce will be easier to be stolen because of its location, which would obviously be bad for business.

Why I am Interested in Vertical Farming...

I was first intrigued by urban agriculture because of the fact that you could grow crops in the city was so unusual to me and I'm used to farming on farms. Once I began looking more into it, I became more intrested and wondered why more cities didn't use urban agriculture. Also, I questioned why it wasn't very well-known or popular. It just seemed like a brilliant idea to me and when I saw that it was happenening right in Philadelphia I wanted to learn even more!