Resource and Energy entry # 2Weather: In the Winter, near the coast, where my city is, it is 71 degrees. High tempuratures in the summer with cooler, obviously, in the Winter. In addition,where my city is, there is rainfall November to March. Around 25 mm of rain a year
Agadir, is on the coast and is at the end of the Atlas Mountains. with this information, my city is not very windy.
All the possible energy sources I could use in my city is:
  • biofuel
  • nuclear
  • solar
  • hydro
  • geothermal


http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&site=imghp&tbm=isch&source=hp&biw=1366&bih=673&q=city+of+adagir&oq=city+of+adagir&gs_l=img.3...481.5474.0.5936.14.9.0.3.2.0.841.3197.0j3j3j1j6-2.9.0...0.0...1ac.1.14.img.q1HBklp5HcM#hl=en&site=imghp&tbm=isch&q=building+with+photovoltaic+cells&spell=1&sa=X&ei=dR2ZUZOoKsX-4AP34YDwDA&ved=0CE8QvwUoAA&bav=on.2,or.r_qf.&fp=695dc4d03623ad77&biw=1366&bih=673&imgrc=rf1Jr9Zb9xfEHM%3A%3B3R3n361JJt6wVM%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.wbdg.org%252Fimages%252Fbipv_2.gif%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.wbdg.org%252Fresources%252Fbipv.php%3B343%3B300
http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&site=imghp&tbm=isch&source=hp&biw=1366&bih=673&q=city+of+adagir&oq=city+of+adagir&gs_l=img.3...481.5474.0.5936.14.9.0.3.2.0.841.3197.0j3j3j1j6-2.9.0...0.0...1ac.1.14.img.q1HBklp5HcM#hl=en&site=imghp&tbm=isch&q=building+with+photovoltaic+cells&spell=1&sa=X&ei=dR2ZUZOoKsX-4AP34YDwDA&ved=0CE8QvwUoAA&bav=on.2,or.r_qf.&fp=695dc4d03623ad77&biw=1366&bih=673&imgrc=rf1Jr9Zb9xfEHM%3A%3B3R3n361JJt6wVM%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.wbdg.org%252Fimages%252Fbipv_2.gif%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.wbdg.org%252Fresources%252Fbipv.php%3B343%3B300


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Out of these alternative energy sources, I would use geothermal, solar and hydro.
I would have photovoltaic cells located on each major building but for housing, they people living there get the choice of having it on their roof or not. I or most likely the government would give the families who chose to have the photovoltaic cells incentive. Something I call a point system. For families who have it, they would get points and when they reached a certain amount of points, they can hand in their points in return for gift cards or something of that matter. I would use the photovoltaic cells for electricity.

I would used geothermal for heating and cooling of buildings and homes in Agadir. It makes the most sense, it is the cleanest form and most reliable. Geothermal pump takes air from earth and cycles in through the ground to cool it and then through vents, releases it into a building or home. It is very efficient and I think it will work very well in my city.

In addition, I have chosen tidal turbines. Even though my city sits right on the Atlantic ocean, this is not my main option for energy. They are a lot of pros to hydropower but I think I do not like is how it disturbs the animal's habitat and migration systems. Also, it ruins the beach.

Below is a 50 second video on how tidal turbines work:




On top of all those forms of energy, I would have the buildings, homes, factories have tons and tons of natural light. In Agadir, there is a lot of sunlight, there is never a very cool time period. With this, I would install a ton of windows. It just makes the most sense.




http://www.worldtravelguide.net/morocco/weather-climate-geography
http://www.weather-and-climate.com/average-monthly-precipitation-Rainfall,agadir,Morocco
http://www.eere.energy.gov/basics/renewable_energy/tidal_energy.html










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Background Info:Solar ovens are devices that use the sun's energy to cook/heat food or drinks. This is a cooking device for people with low income and in a result, solar ovens are relatively cheap. These ovens help reduce fuel cost and air pollution. Solar ovens are used for outdoorsHow It Works:The solar oven or cooker lets in the sun's UV rays in and converts it to infrared light rays that cannot escape the oven. the Infrared radiation has the right energy to make food heat up. A common mistake is that the sun cooks the food. But the sun's rays converting to heat energy is what cooks the food.
www.city-data.com
www.city-data.com



Where Is It Used:
Here are some places that Solar ovens use:
India, China. Pakistan, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Uganda, Sudan, Afghanistan, Tanzania, South Africa, Zimbabwe, Niger, Somalia, Brazil, Kenya, Nepal, Mozambique, Burkina Faso, Madagascar, Malawi






Pros:
  • Easy to use
  • reduce electricity
  • reduce greenhouse effect
  • reduce fossil fuel use
  • easy to build
Con:
After doing some research there are no apparent bad things that come with a solar oven. The worst thing about them is figuring out way to position the solar panels to capture the sun's rays.

I found solar ovens exceedingly interesting. one is that people who live in 3rd world nations and do not have a lot of money have this cheap way of making food. In addition, it is less harmful to the environment since it is not using the gas or electricity. It is using the sun's UV rays. My gut reaction that it is very cool and efficient. It saves money as well as fossil fuels, and reduces the risk of pollution. Solar ovens are not directly connected to me other than learning about it right now. People who use this as their main cooking device are not around the area I live in. But people do use it, while camping in the woods or scenarios like that.


http://www.solarcooker-at-cantinawest.com/solarcooking-howitworks.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_cooker
http://www.solarcooking.mobi/solar-cooking/pros-and-cons-of-solar-cooking/cheap-solar.html




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Since the explosion, Morocco has not been producing as much waste. They usually produce 5 million tons of waste per year. Their waste would go to a landfill, most likely. I am going to change some things. If Morocco keeps producing this amount of trash at this rate, there will be no more Morocco. My solution is make Morocco environmentally friendly. By this I mean reducing the amount of comsumer production. Not by a lot but by enough that will make a difference. We will have a country wide zero waste wednesday every 2 months, evenutally this is be every months. But to ease into the transition, it'll be every other 2 months. For the trash that cannot be recyled and that would go to the MRF will be going to an incinerator. The ashes from the incinerator would generate electricity for the building and some of the surrounding areas. In addition, the ashes that do not get used for electricity would go to a santiary landfill.

There are some mountains in Morocco but it is not a huge deal. They landfills will be thoughtfully placed, in valleys or away from the high elevation.
I think this process will succeed if everyone puts in the effort. The government will be setting out series of laws/acts for requirements of companies that need to fullfill a green lifestyle. These acts/laws will also be geared towards homes, meaning that there will be certains weight one's trash cannot exceed. There will also be weekly trash/recylce pick-ups. In doing these simple yet effective things, I think this will be a more efficent lifestyle and the hope is that they rest of the world will take Morocco as example.

http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTMENA/Images/landfill-after-before.jpg
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTMENA/Images/landfill-after-before.jpg

http://www.edgeboro.com/projhist/images/morocco_2.jpg
http://www.edgeboro.com/projhist/images/morocco_2.jpg















http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/MENAEXT/0,,contentMDK:22125458~pagePK:146736~piPK:146830~theSitePK:256299,00.html


imported waste.png

Philly reaps rewards from New York trash:
New York trash is being dumped at Tullytown landfill dailly. New york is paying Waste management, who runs the landfill. "New york's Trash is our cash" Dan Dougherty said. New York has a lot of trash, one of their big landfills closed in 2001. In 2009, New York exports their trash to other landfills, such as the one in Virginia or Philadelphia. Morrisvilles, the town that hosts the landfill and where NY puts their trash, is living in the shadow of New York's trash. The City is getting upset that they are not getting an host fees.

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/11/02/nyregion/02garbage.html?_r=0
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/11/02/nyregion/02garbage.html?_r=0


Sweden is just too good at recycling!!

only 4% trash goes to a landfill, the rest is recycled. Officials had to start importing trash for heat and electricity. Sweden is importing trash from Norway. Norway pays Sweden to take the trash, Sweden then uses the gargabe for heat and electricity then sends it back the debris to Norway.
In the future, Sweden will look beyond Norway for importing trash.

Importing trash in Sweden, is helping the society: for heat and electricity. Importing trash from is good for New York, so they are not as dirty and good for the Waste Management but as a result it is hurting Morrisville.

The importance of importing waste is different for every place. For example, Sweden imported waste from Norway because they needed electricity and heat. But Philly imports New York's trash for NY's benefit. New York has a lot of trash and the landfill it getting paid by New York to take their garbage.





http://www.nydailynews.com/news/world/sweden-imports-trash-norway-heat-electricity-article-1.1192661

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/11/02/nyregion/02garbage.html?_r=0

Water entry 2:
water in.png

My coordinates are north 30 and west 9 in the city of Agadir.
http://www.magicmorocco.com/agadir_morocco.html
http://www.magicmorocco.com/agadir_morocco.html


Agadir is along the Altantic ocean and the tempature is mild to warm. The get an average of 11 inches of rain per. For Africa it is a fine amount but in comparison to the world, they are on the low end of the spectrum. According to wikipedia, Agadir get 39.5 days of rain out of 365 days of they year. The city of Agadir does not habe a high elevation compared to the mountains in Morocco.

In Agadir, Morocco there is a shortage of water but they have been approved to take wastewater and clean it and redistrubite it to the residents. What they really should be focusing on is desalination. Agadir is along this big blue wet thing called the Altantic ocean. They should pump water out of the ocean, a reasonable amount with still be moderatored, and clean (make wastewater treatment plants) it so it can be used for residents, agriculture and industries.

I have also considered doing Nisa's idea of toliet to tap. I do not want to take too much water from the Altantic ocean just in case it is dry up like how the Aral sea was drying up because people were taking water from it in Kazakhstan. So toliet to tap may be the way to go. One thing that may be of some concerned of people dumping drusg down the toliet. The country of Morocco would put out Public Service Announcents to be cognizant of what they are flushing down the toliet, to minimize nonpoint pollution. This plan is long term, so it will not happen over night and on the topic of creating laws. For Morocco, we have not considered creating laws to promote water.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agadir http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_supply_and_sanitation_in_Morocco

id you knbottled.pngow that 60 million water bottles are used per day? Bottled Water and tap water is a extremely controversial topic in this world. Which is more healthier? Which taste better? Which one should i be using? All valid questions that everyone should be thinking about.

Bottled
  • Most families used water bottles are their #1 source of water
  • 24% of bottled water is tap water
    • this means that bottled water is a little less than 1/4 percent tap water. What is the point of spending money buying bottled water when you can have almost the same thing out of our sink?
  • bottled water can be as much as 10,000 times more than tap water
  • not eviromentally healthy
    • the plastic which the water is held is not healthy
    • the plastic is not easily degradable.
    • only 12% of the plastic is recyleable
      • 40 MILLION bottle of water a day or being thrown away as trash or litter


Tap water for more people is most convinent, it goes throught the earth's natural filtration along with filters. It is more enviromentally friendly and keeps people from polluting our land. Even though water bottles are recyclable, not everyone recycles and most people just throw away water bottles instead of recycling them. Tap water, you can put in a glass or put it into a reusable cup.

This video explains another difference of tap and bottled water:

ttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KLtRGgLDIUM

After reading about tap and bottled water, I am now educated about the difference and the two and I do not favor one or the other. Bottled water is more convient if you are on the go but it can back fire and hurt the environment and it costs a lot more money than tap water does. On the other hand, tap water is more environmentally healthy and it is at everyone's house. I do not have a preference on way or the other.

http://www.filtersfast.com/articles/ArticleImages/bottled-water-vs-tap-water.jpg
http://www.filtersfast.com/articles/ArticleImages/bottled-water-vs-tap-water.jpg
http://www.chem.duke.edu/~jds/cruise_chem/water/wattap.html
http://www.bottledwater.org/health/bottled-water-vs-tap-water
http://www.theworldwomenwant.com/yourworld/home/bottled.php?page=bot






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My location is North 30 and West 9. This location is in Amaoun, Morocco. Although Morocco has a hot climate, Amaoun is near the Altantic ocean which is good soil for farming. The tempurate in Morocco is Mediterranean climate. Mediterranean climate is warm to hot, dry summers and cool to mild, wet winters. Amaoun is a little city between the mountains called Adar Amaoun and the Altantic ocean. Also, Amaoun is 330 meters above sea level.
http://www.google.com/imgres?q=morocco&um=1&hl=en&sa=N&tbo=d&biw=1366&bih=673&tbm=isch&tbnid=Oh51f1NRjAeRNM:&imgrefurl=http://go.hrw.com/atlas/norm_htm/morocco.htm&docid=5xM-G3fjt3oYkM&imgurl=http://go.hrw.com/atlas/norm_map/morocco.gif&w=624&h=400&ei=HB6ZUJPDFceT0QHe-oG4Ag&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=490&vpy=346&dur=769&hovh=180&hovw=281&tx=186&ty=92&sig=113833333420064143302&page=1&tbnh=138&tbnw=215&start=0&ndsp=21&ved=1t:429,r:10,s:0,i:183
http://www.google.com/imgres?q=morocco&um=1&hl=en&sa=N&tbo=d&biw=1366&bih=673&tbm=isch&tbnid=Oh51f1NRjAeRNM:&imgrefurl=http://go.hrw.com/atlas/norm_htm/morocco.htm&docid=5xM-G3fjt3oYkM&imgurl=http://go.hrw.com/atlas/norm_map/morocco.gif&w=624&h=400&ei=HB6ZUJPDFceT0QHe-oG4Ag&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=490&vpy=346&dur=769&hovh=180&hovw=281&tx=186&ty=92&sig=113833333420064143302&page=1&tbnh=138&tbnw=215&start=0&ndsp=21&ved=1t:429,r:10,s:0,i:183






In Amaoun, which is a little city between the moutains and the sea, the soil is not very arable, in some parts. In some parts of the city Amaoun, it has more of a rocky, gravel with some sandy type of soil, then in other parts of it have some silt, mostly sand. In those areas in Amaoun, they grow olives, almond orchards and have vineyards, plus all the citrus fruits. In addition, they produce tomatoes, potatoes, sugar canes and olive oil. They import a lot of their food because they need rain but only get it during the winter months of the year.

For the areas that are not great at farming, I will start my city to compost, or to throw away organic materials to be reput into soil for nutrients. The compost is mostly for the farmers that farm closer to the mountain side rather than the ocean side. Unfortunatly, Morocco's production can be fewers because of the threats of droughts.

Since there is also a threat of having a drought, i think we should 1: conserve our water intake, 2: get water tanks, to save rain water and convert it into useable water and 3: make a greenhouse for the most important plants if a drought ever comes again. Then, some time in the future, we could start genetically modifying our foods so we can only eat the best, if and when there is a drought.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amioun

http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/economies/Africa/Morocco.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agriculture_in_Morocco





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http://docakilah.files.wordpress.com/2011/11/gmocorn.jpg
http://docakilah.files.wordpress.com/2011/11/gmocorn.jpg



http://ebensmen.blogspot.com/
http://ebensmen.blogspot.com/
http://www.foodylife.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/04/gmo-disadvantages_of_genetically_modified_foods.jpg
http://www.foodylife.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/04/gmo-disadvantages_of_genetically_modified_foods.jpg




What is Genetically Modified Food:

Genetically modified food is an organism that had its DNA altered for the purpose of correction or improvement.
Here is a video explainging what genetically modifying foods is!
http://www.youtube.com/embed/VB5MkZhDNns

The impact Genetically Modified Food has:

Genetically modified food or processed foods are helpful for farmers in the aspects of making more food with fewer chemicals but there is still a big, unknown question the surrounds the health effort of GM foods.
Cons about genetically modified food:
  • companies could dominate the food world
  • stressful for animals
  • human health potentially at risk
Pros about genetically modified food:
  • improves animal health and diagnostic methods
  • conserves more water, soil and energy
  • better natural waste management
  • increased food for growing populations
  • enhances taste and quality

Why its fascinating

I think this topic is extemely important for all people to become aware about, both the pros and the cons. Genetically Modified food is pleasing for farmers. With the relatively new invention, GM foods allow farmers to produce more foods. My gut reaction is a little bit confused because the idea of genetically modifying your food seems interesting but on the other hand, its harmful. It is interesting just knowing that scientists came up with the idea of changing a food's genetic makeup. But this also involves processed food which is awful for you. This topic connects to me because I am endulging in genetically modified food and have not been aware of it as much as I now know. Although, after reading a few articles and watching some videos about genetically modified food I have became cognizant of what is going on in farms and in the scientist's lab and I know more of what I am putting into my body.





http://www.ornl.gov/sci/techresources/Human_Genome/elsi/gmfood.shtml
http://www.oprah.com/health/Genetically-Modified-Foods-Affect-Health-and-Body